Jefferson County, founded in 1801, is the easternmost county of West Virginia and occupies 212.4 square miles. It is bounded to the north by the Potomac River and Maryland; on the west by Berkeley County; on the east by the Blue Ridge Mountains and Loudoun County to the east; and Clarke County Virginia on the south.
Rich in history, the county seat of Charles Town was founded by Charles Washington, brother of George Washington. The county courthouse was the site of abolitionist John Brown’s trial for his raid on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry in October 1859, where he was found guilty of treason sentenced to death by hanging. During the Civil War, Jefferson County saw many conflicts as the Union and Confederate lines moved constantly along the Shenandoah Valley.
Although still a heavily an agricultural area, residential growth and its proximity to Washington DC, Jefferson County is considered a bedroom community of the Washington DC Metro area with many people commuting out of the area to work.
Berkeley County, formed from Frederick County Virginia in 1772 was named after Lord Norborne Berkeley. Its county seat of Martinsburg was incorporated in 1778. The county occupies 322 square miles. Like its neighbor Jefferson County, Berkeley County experienced conflict and destruction during the Civil War.
In the 1840s, the B&O Railroad gave Martinsburg an economic boost. Today, there is a highly-developed transportation network of two major highways – I-81 which runs north/south and I-70 which runs east/west making Berkeley County easily accessible to business partners, visitors, and residents.
Founded in 1743, Frederick County is the northern-most county in Virginia, and a mid-point of the East Coast. It sits at the mouth of the Shenandoah Valley which lies between two mountain ranges – The Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and The Allegheny Mountains to the west. It is also bound by two rivers, the Potomac River to the North and the James River to the South. The county occupies 414 square miles.
Frederick County played a significant role during the Civil War by supplying food, livestock, horses, and soldiers to the Confederacy. Also due to its strategic location in regards to Washington DC, the town of Winchester changed hands approximately 70 times during the war.
The Frederick County area is centered around agricultural; however, a highly-developed transportation network with I-81 running through it makes it an ideal location to live and work.
Warren County, founded in 1836 was formed from parts of Frederick and Shenandoah Counties and occupies 213 square miles.
Primarily an agricultural economy, the county has also attracted manufacturing, distribution, technology, and hospitality companies that employ large workforces. In addition, Warren County attracts many tourists and seasonal residents with major tourist attractions such as the Shenandoah National Park, Skyline Drive, Skyline Caverns, and the Shenandoah River.
Clarke County, founded in 1836, is the third-smallest county in Virginia by total are of 176 square miles. Like all other areas in this region, Clarke County is steeped in history for skirmished during the Revolutionary and Civil Wars.
Today, Clarke County is an oasis for those seeking serenity the bustling areas of Washington DC and Northern Virginia. It is know for its rural beauty, history, and charm of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Shenandoah Valley.
Fauquier County was established in 759 from Prince William County. According to legend, it is names for Francis Fauquier who was the Lt. Governor of Virginia who won the land in a poker game. It consists of 651 square miles and is one of the fastest-growing and highest-income counties in the United States.
A haven from the northern Virginia and Washington DC area, it is famous for its horse farms, and beautiful rolling land where it is steeped in equestrian tradition surrounded by wineries and vineyards.
Shenandoah County, founded in 1772, is part of the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia and has a total area of 512 square miles. It was originally names Dunmore County for Virginia Governor, John Murry, 4th Earl of Dunmore, Virginia’s las royal governor, who was forced from office during the Revolutionary War.
In Shenandoah County, you are able to immerse yourself and relive the history of our nation through its array of museums and cultural sites.